The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a small joint located in front of the ear where the skull and lower jaw meet. The joint permits the lower jaw to move and function.
The TMJ is the most constantly used joint in the body.
TMJ disorders are not uncommon. Individuals with a TMJ disorder may experience a variety of symptoms, such as earaches, headaches or a limited ability to open their mouth. When symptoms of TMJ trouble appear, consult an oral and maxillofacial surgeon (OMS). A specialist in the areas of the mouth, teeth and jaws, your OMS has the expertise to correctly diagnose the problem. TMJ disorders can be complex and may require different diagnostic procedures. Special imaging studies of the joints may be ordered, and appropriate referral to other dental or medical specialists or a physical therapist may be made.