Beard transplant is a type of plastic surgery that aims to increase the density and thickness of hair in the beard area. It does not only change the appearance of the face, but also helps to hide scars or marks caused by previous injuries or acne. The transplant is meant for those with less density of hair in the beard area and a patch with no hair. There are many reasons one of them is hormones, the area around the cheeks may have lesser blood flow which leads to less nutrients and beard growing hormones, testosterone and DHT. Both low and high levels of these hormones can cause limited beard hair growth or patchy hair; Alopecia Areata, which is spot baldness, can also cause it to appear less dense and patchy; and lastly, lifestyle choices – stress, poor eating habits and irregular sleep patterns.
Process Hair for the transplant is taken from the back of the scalp and depending on the number of grafts needed, they are first matched with the texture and structure of the existing beard hair. At times, hair from the sides of the head is also used to match the beard hair. Once the surgeon is satisfied with the collected grafts, they are implanted in the bald patches of the beard area. On an average, about 900 to 4,000 hair grafts can be used for successful transplant. During the transplant, the surgeon also manoeuvres the hair in such a way that the growth takes place in the right direction.
Techniques used In Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) hair is grafted one by one from the donor area and then harvested over a larger area. In Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) the surgeon takes a small strip of tissue from the donor area and transplants it on the area where hair is required. FUE is a more common process as the scar is less visible and the healing time is less. However, in FUT, it is easier to harvest a large donor area and therefore, maximum fullness of the transplant is achieved.